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Customizing the density estimator

sbi allows to specify a custom density estimator for each of the implemented methods. For all options, check the API reference here.

Changing the type of density estimator

One option is to use one of set of preconfigured density estimators by passing a string in the density_estimator keyword argument to the inference object (SNPE or SNLE), e.g., “maf” to use a Masked Autoregressive Flow, of “nsf” to use a Neural Spline Flow with default hyperparameters.

inference = SNPE(prior=prior, density_estimator="maf")

In the case of SNRE, the argument is called classifier:

inference = SNRE(prior=prior, classifier="resnet")

Changing hyperparameters of density estimators

Alternatively, you can use a set of utils functions to configure a density estimator yourself, e.g., use a MAF with hyperparameters chosen for your problem at hand.

Here, because we want to use SN*P*E, we specifiy a neural network targeting the posterior (using the utils function posterior_nn). In this example, we will create a neural spline flow ('nsf') with 60 hidden units and 3 transform layers:

from sbi.utils.get_nn_models import (
)  # For SNLE: likelihood_nn(). For SNRE: classifier_nn()

density_estimator_build_fun = posterior_nn(
    model="nsf", hidden_features=60, num_transforms=3
inference = SNPE(prior=prior, density_estimator=density_estimator_build_fun)

It is also possible to pass an embedding_net to posterior_nn() which learn summary statistics from high-dimensional simulation outputs. You can find a more detailed tutorial on this here.

Building new density estimators from scratch

Finally, it is also possible to implement your own density estimator from scratch, e.g., including embedding nets to preprocess data, or to a density estimator architecture of your choice.

For this, the density_estimator argument needs to be a function that takes theta and x batches as arguments to then construct the density estimator after the first set of simulations was generated. Our utils functions in sbi/utils/ return such a function.